File Name: collagen type i iii in skin man and woman scar .zip
Bommie F. Keloids and hypertrophic scars are thick, raised dermal scars, caused by derailing of the normal scarring process. Extensive research on such abnormal scarring has been done; however, these being refractory disorders specific to humans, it has been difficult to establish a universal animal model.
- Unlocking the secrets of scar-free skin healing
- Dermatotoxicology of microneedles (MNs) in man
- COL1A1 gene
Unlocking the secrets of scar-free skin healing
Developed within the last few decades, microneedles MNs have only recently seen wide-scale use among the general population, especially in the area of cosmetics. With the FDA only starting to regulate microneedling devices and the many new microneedling products that enter the modern global market, it is of utmost importance to establish the safety profile and reasonable expectations of the microneedling practice and its products. Despite wide-scale implementation of MNs, we are likely only beginning to understand the potential of MNs as a medical and consumer product, and we should, therefore, be aware of any potential adverse events associated with the product. Microneedles MNs , minimally invasive devices designed to painlessly penetrate stratum corneum, were developed in as a means for more efficient transdermal drug delivery Ma and Wu In subsequent decades, advancement in MN technology and manufacturing has led to development of several types of MNs including: hollow, solid, dissolving, coated, and hydrogel forming Nguyen and Park Hollow MNs deliver drugs through a channel in a similar manner to hypodermic needles, while solid MNs are more frequently used in pretreatment to enhance the permeability of the skin before application of a topical product. Dissolving MNs are constructed from a biodegradable polymer or polysaccharide with therapeutic molecules contained within; coated MNs contain the drug formulation on the outside surface of the needles.
Dermatotoxicology of microneedles (MNs) in man
Electrospinning is a promising method for the rapid and cost-effective production of nanofibers from a wide variety of polymers given the high surface area morphology of these nanofibers, they make excellent wound dressings, and so have significant potential in the prevention and treatment of scars. Wound healing and the resulting scar formation are exceptionally well-characterized on a molecular and cellular level. Despite this, novel effective anti-scarring treatments which exploit this knowledge are still clinically absent. As the process of electrospinning can produce fibers from a variety of polymers, the treatment avenues for scars are vast, with therapeutic potential in choice of polymers, drug incorporation, and cell-seeded scaffolds. It is essential to show the new advances in this field; thus, this review will investigate the molecular processes of wound healing and scar tissue formation, the process of electrospinning, and examine how electrospun biomaterials can be utilized and adapted to wound repair in the hope of reducing scar tissue formation and conferring an enhanced tensile strength of the skin. Future directions of the research will explore potential novel electrospun treatments, such as gene therapies, as targets for enhanced tissue repair applications. With this class of biomaterial gaining such momentum and having such promise, it is necessary to refine our understanding of its process to be able to combine this technology with cutting-edge therapies to relieve the burden scars place on world healthcare systems.
Collagens are a family of proteins that strengthen and support many tissues in the body, including cartilage, bone, tendon, skin, and the white part of the eye the sclera. Type I collagen is the most abundant form of collagen in the human body. Collagens begin as rope-like procollagen molecules that are each made up of three chains. The triple-stranded procollagen molecules are processed by enzymes in a series of steps inside and outside the cell to create mature collagen. The collagen molecules then arrange themselves into long, thin fibrils that form stable interactions cross-links with one another in the spaces between cells.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License. Parastomal hernia PH is a common complication following an ileostomy or colostomy 1. In addition, PHs may have an adverse effect on the body and quality of life of patients 3. The treatment of PH is difficult as it has a high recurrence rate 4 ; to the best of our knowledge, the best method for overcoming this is to control initial PH development 5. PH development may be attributed to multiple risk factors, including age, sex, aperture size, body mass index BMI and hypertension 6 , 7. However, the exact pathogenesis of PH formation remains unclear.
Arch Surg. The authors do not consult for, accept honoraria from, or own stock or stock options in any company related to this research. Only 3 of these women were receiving hormone replacement therapy.