File Name: education and community development .zip
- The Role of Rural Schools in Community Development: Policy Issues and Implications. Program Report.
- Community education
- Link Community Development: Linking development education and educational development
A minor in community development at North Dakota State University provides a program of study for students interested in complementing their major with community development skills. Any major can be complemented with community development training, particularly agricultural economics, agriculture, business administration, communication, economics, education, political science, psychology or sociology. Community Development PDF.
The Role of Rural Schools in Community Development: Policy Issues and Implications. Program Report.
LCD works to improve schools and the quality of education they deliver to build the capacity of district departments of education so that they can better meet the needs of their schools and communities.
LCD also aims to support government education policy by using lessons learned at the grassroots level to inform national and regional strategies. In the context of its development work LCD delivers two programmes with a development education perspective.
The second is a Global Teachers Programme GTP that provides a personal and professional development experience for teachers centred on a five week placement in an African school. This paper presents a brief overview of our educational programmes in Africa, of our development education programmes, and attempts to illustrate that these two aspects of our work are integrated, with each adding value to the other. LCD believes that education is a basic human right, fundamental to breaking the cycle of poverty and creating a just society.
Education increases opportunities and empowers people to participate in decision-making. LCD assists children and their communities to realise their right to quality education regardless of gender or any other disadvantaging factor. To enhance the sustainability of its work, LCD always works within legitimate local structures. We favour working in countries where there is a decentralised system with strong local government working in partnership with district departments of education. Our work takes place at a number of levels: we work with schools to enable them to improve the quality of education they deliver; we work with district departments of education to build their capacity so that they can better meet the needs of their schools and communities; and we work to inform national policy, through the development and documentation of sustainable and replicable models for planning, service delivery and capacity building at both district and school level.
LCD works within existing resource parameters and specialises in capacity building and support both at school and district level. LCD also specialises in developing and strengthening local planning, decision making, monitoring and accountability systems again at school and district level. What is SPR? It is a way of finding out how well schools are performing in the areas of leadership, management, teaching quality and community involvement.
Why is it needed? Schools and district departments often have little information to show them the things they are doing well and the areas that need more attention, making it difficult to plan ahead and place scarce resources. How is it done? Each year data is collected by LCD and district officials on different areas of school life.
Once data has been collected, findings are shared with each individual school. What is the result? SPR provides an opportunity for all education stakeholders to actively contribute to the development of their school.
Schools share SPR findings with the whole community and together they can effectively plan ahead. District staff can engage with schools during the planning process. A Child-Friendly School is one which: a respects the rights of the child, b is effective and efficient, c is gender sensitive, d is healthy and e is a safe and protective place. The school should engage pupils in gender-specific focus groups and evaluate factors in school affecting enrolment retention such as sanitation, safety, gender sensitivity, health promotion and the quality of extra-curricular activities.
The highlight of the programme is a five-week placement in an African school one which LCD is already supporting where the teachers do two things: first, they help LCD with its school improvement programmes in Africa; second, they learn first-hand about life in an African school, so that when they return to Ireland they can use the experience to teach pupils in their own schools about life in Africa and development issues. In addition to helping LCD with its work and assisting teachers to become better development educators, the GTP also offers teachers and principals the opportunity to develop their leadership, management and training skills.
Their work in Africa typically involves acting as coaches and mentors to African teachers and principals in areas such as literacy, school administration and school development planning. It aims to transform pupils and teachers alike into global citizens who have a clear understanding of issues of global concern. In addition to providing schools with a Link Schools Pack and facilitating correspondence between linked schools, LCD also organises activities each year for schools on the programme and provides ongoing support to linked schools.
Schools can join the programme whether or not they are involved in the GTP. In addition to enabling schools to learn about each other and gain a greater global awareness, LSP also enables Irish and UK schools to assist LCD with school improvement work in Africa in a variety of ways.
For LCD the starting point is not development education but school improvement in Africa. However we recognise that our work with schools in Africa provides us with a platform for development education activities and with a way of integrating educational development in Africa with development education in the global North.
Our interventions in African countries not only provide a framework for LSP and GTP, they inform the activities which take place in both programmes. Our key competency is capacity building and our capacity-building interventions are informed by SPR which identifies needs at school level and informs local school development planning. It also informs a broader analysis of common problems facing many African schools such as the need for improvement in school management, community involvement in school support, improved teaching methodologies in the areas of literacy and numeracy and for initiatives to address the impact of HIV in schools.
Global Teachers are not filling a gap in classrooms but working with schools and LCD in Africa on issues identified through the SPR monitoring and evaluation framework. Thus teachers from Ireland and the UK mentor and workshop with local teachers on literacy, school administration, school development planning or other relevant issues, while gaining a greater understanding of Africa and development issues. When they return home, under the mentorship of LCD in Ireland, they use this experience to bring development education alive for children in their own classrooms, in addition to sharing their experience with a broader audience within the education sector.
Similarly LSP activities arise out of SPR and are designed and structured to address the different needs of schools in the northern and southern hemispheres. Obviously development education is often a priority for Irish and UK schools and a school link is a valuable tool for learning about development and global awareness.
But correspondence between the schools enables them to learn about each other while also providing valuable English-writing experience for African learners, which we know through SPR, is a priority for many African schools. Other events are similarly designed to address the educational needs of the African school, while at the same time raising awareness of issues of justice and equality in Irish and UK schools.
Irish and UK schools are charged a fee for their participation in LSP, and a portion of this money is used to provide limited funding to African schools to address funding gaps in their school development plan, which will have been developed out of SPR.
Irish schools are in effect supporting their African counterparts by implementing locally developed plans. Moreover, should an Irish or UK school decide to undertake additional fundraising, this is managed by means of a special project, whereby the funds are used to address a need which has been identified by the African school through SPR and its school development plan.
Ultimately we feel that LSP and GTP benefit from being embedded in our educational development work, and their quality in terms of development education is enhanced as a result.
Skip to main content. Link Community Development: Linking development education and educational development 6. Education for Sustainable Development.
Click to download. Cathal O'Keeffe. The SPR model consists of the following annual cycle of activities: Data collection using nationally-approved monitoring instruments to assess school performance against a range of quality indicators for teaching and learning, management and governance; Data analysis using nationally approved quality indicators; Preparation of a report for each individual school, and a summary report for each district, providing clear feedback on the quality of its performance and including specific recommendations for school improvement; Facilitation of a SPR Meeting at each school which enables concerned stakeholders to engage with the report, assess the performance of their school, and plan actions for school improvement.
This process culminates in the drafting of a School Development Plan for each participating school; Facilitation of a district conference at which concerned stakeholders engage with the district report and plan actions for school improvement. This process culminates in the drafting of a District Improvement Plan for Education; Supervised implementation of the School and District Development Plan; Targeted training and capacity building activities that address needs revealed in reports.
While community participation is a requirement for effective community development, there are few specific methodologies to help community organizers facilitate such participation. Adult education and community development share a number of parallel objectives: enhancing self-direction, self-reliance, and sustainable learning and development While adult education is more advanced methodologically, the application of adult education principles to community development is only possible under certain conditions. These conditions relate to power relationships, institutional structures, community dynamics, and the role of the community organizer. Once these conditions are recognized, adult education principles may be applied to community development programmes in order to facilitate the community's involvement in its own needs assessment, project design, implementation, and evaluation. Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.
In numerous polls and surveys, Americans identify education as one of the leading domestic challenges of the twenty-first century. Specifically, the challenge is not just to reform public schools but also to achieve the goal of academic success for all students. Many educational experts agree that reaching that goal will require increased cooperation among the schools themselves and a new kind of collaboration with the families and communities served by the schools. Community education offers a structured, effective way to respond to the challenge to improve public education because it expands the school's traditional role and creates a mutually interdependent relationship among home, school, and community. Community education has three basic components—lifelong learning opportunities, community involvement in schools, and efficient use of resources—and is based on a set of ten broad principles:. The current lack of confidence in public education has been more pervasive and prolonged than the crisis in confidence that followed the launch of Sputnik in by the Soviet Union.
PDF | In the framework of developing community education, education service programs, especially those related to improving community.
Link Community Development: Linking development education and educational development
Community Education is an effective way to respond to the challenge of improving education at the international, national and local levels of society. It expands the traditional roles of public schools by creating relationships between home, school, and community. Individuals enhance their lives and communities through Community Education, which provides opportunities for learning and collaboration. It impacts everyone from local community members, schools, government, families, neighbors, and the individual.
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Picture a young girl with dreams of owning her own business.
The university role in community development: responding to challenges of globalisation. E-mail: ei ktu. The paper focuses on community development in the global world. Referring to the work of the American, West European and Lithuanian researchers, the notions of community and community development, as well as the university mission and role in community development in response to the challenges of globalisation are discussed. To support the theoretical discussion, the paper ends with a case study about the participation of one of the largest Lithuanian universities, Kaunas University of Technology in community development. In the global world, information and knowledge have become a new source of welfare for nations.
Джабба взглянул на экран. - Вот и все! - По его лицу стекали ручейки пота. Последняя защитная стенка на центральном экране почти совсем исчезла. Черные линии, сбившись в кучу вокруг ядра, настолько сгустились, что их масса стала совсем непрозрачной и легонько подрагивала. Мидж отвернулась. Фонтейн стоял очень прямо, глядя прямо перед .
В данном случае организмом является ТРАНСТЕКСТ. Чатрукьяна всегда изумляло, что АНБ никогда прежде не сталкивалось с проблемой вирусов. Сквозь строй - надежная система, но ведь АНБ - ненасытный пожиратель информации, высасывающий ее из разнообразнейших источников по всему миру. Поглощение огромных объемов информации сродни беспорядочным половым связям: какие меры предосторожности ни принимай, рано или поздно подхватишь какую-нибудь гадость. Чатрукьян просмотрел список и изумился еще .
- Можешь выражаться яснее. Две минуты спустя Джабба мчался вниз к главному банку данных. ГЛАВА 85 Грег Хейл, распластавшись, лежал на полу помещения Третьего узла. Стратмор и Сьюзан отволокли его туда через шифровалку и связали ему руки и ноги толстым кабелем от одного из лазерных принтеров.
Она хорошо понимала, что в отчаянной ситуации требуются отчаянные меры, в том числе и от АНБ. - Мы не можем его устранить, если ты это имела в виду. Именно это она и хотела узнать.
Навсегда. Ее завораживала глубина его темно-зеленых глаз, и она не могла отвести от них взгляд. В этот момент где-то вдали раздался оглушительный колокольный звон. Она потянулась к Дэвиду, но он исчез, и ее руки сомкнулись в пустоте.
Теперь, считали они, им уже нечего было опасаться, представ перед Большим жюри, услышать собственный записанный на пленку голос как доказательство давно забытого телефонного разговора, перехваченного спутником АНБ.
Перила были невысокими. Как это странно, подумал Стратмор, что насчет вируса Чатрукьян был прав с самого начала. Его падение пронзило Стратмора холодным ужасом - отчаянный крик и потом тишина. Но более страшным стало то, что он увидел в следующее мгновение.
Тогда Стратмор понял, что Грег Хейл должен умереть. В ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ послышался треск, и Стратмор приступил к решению стоявшей перед ним задачи - вырубить электричество. Рубильник был расположен за фреоновыми насосами слева от тела Чатрукьяна, и Стратмор сразу же его. Ему нужно было повернуть рубильник, и тогда отключилось бы электропитание, еще остававшееся в шифровалке.
Я проделал анализ и получил именно такой результат - цепную мутацию. Теперь Сьюзан поняла, почему сотрудник систем безопасности так взволнован. Цепная мутация.
Смотрите. На экран выплыла надпись: КЛЮЧ К ШИФРУ-УБИЙЦЕ ПОДТВЕРЖДЕН - Укрепить защитные стены! - приказал Джабба. Но Соши, опередив его, уже отдала команду.
- Он поморщился от боли и откинулся на подушки. Беккер вздохнул. Кольцо словно исчезло у него из-под носа.
Предпоследний щит становился все тоньше. - Шестьдесят четыре буквы! - скомандовала Сьюзан. - Это совершенный квадрат. - Совершенный квадрат? - переспросил Джабба. - Ну и что с .
Это обычное явление для компьютерных вирусов, особенно таких, которые поражают крупные блоки информации. Из почты Танкадо Сьюзан знала также, что цепные мутации, обнаруженные Чатрукьяном, безвредны: они являются элементом Цифровой крепости. - Когда я впервые увидел эти цепи, сэр, - говорил Чатрукьян, - я подумал, что фильтры системы Сквозь строй неисправны.
Она ничего не понимала. Все это было лишено всякого смысла. - Сьюзан, ты должна мне помочь. Стратмор убил Чатрукьяна. Я видел это своими глазами.
Будьте моей женой. Она подняла голову. Глаза ее были полны слез. - Прости меня, Дэвид, - прошептала. - Я… я не могу.