Motivation Theories And Organizational Behavior Pdf

motivation theories and organizational behavior pdf

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Expectancy theory

Motivation is a state-of-mind, filled with energy and enthusiasm, which drives a person to work in a certain way to achieve desired goals. Motivation is a force which pushes a person to work with high level of commitment and focus even if things are against him. Motivation translates into a certain kind of human behaviour. It is important to ensure that every team member in an organization is motivated. Various psychologists have studied human behaviour and have formalized their findings in the form various motivation theories. These motivation theories provide great understanding on how people behave and what motivates them.

Theories of Motivation and Their Application in Organizations: A Risk Analysis

Theory X and Theory Y are theories of human work motivation and management. The two theories proposed by McGregor describe contrasting models of workforce motivation applied by managers in human resource management , organizational behavior , organizational communication and organizational development. Theory X explains the importance of heightened supervision, external rewards, and penalties, while Theory Y highlights the motivating role of job satisfaction and encourages workers to approach tasks without direct supervision. Management use of Theory X and Theory Y can affect employee motivation and productivity in different ways, and managers may choose to implement strategies from both theories into their practices. McGregor also believed that self-actualization was the highest level of reward for employees. Theory X is based on assumptions regarding the typical worker.

However, at the core of the theory is the cognitive process of how an individual processes the different motivational elements. This is done before making the ultimate choice. The outcome is not the sole determining factor in making the decision of how to behave. Expectancy theory is about the mental processes regarding choice , or choosing. It explains the processes that an individual undergoes to make choices. In the study of organizational behavior , expectancy theory is a motivation theory first proposed by Victor Vroom of the Yale School of Management.

You are probably wondering why the first section in your organizational behavior text is focused on management theory. Like most modern-day theories and ideologies, organizational behavior has evolved over time as people adapt to changes in society. In order to understand organizational behavior, we must first understand management theory and how the people before us used these theories to guide and direct formal organizations to be more successful. It is important to remember that organizational behavior has developed from management theory into a distinct field of its own. So what is management theory? Theories help us understand our experiences by using research and observable facts.

Motivation Theories

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Theory X and Theory Y

Motivation Theories: Top 8 Theories of Motivation – Explained!

Abstract : The aim of this paper is to compare and contrast the theories of motivation and how they are used to inspire employees to develop the drive to achieve. The importance of motivation in organizations and job satisfaction is vital for the achievement of organizational goals and objectives. The consequences of organizations operating without any purpose of motivation towards its employees are far catastrophic, such as depression, turnover, burnout which can derail the success of organizations.

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PDF | As we know motivation is a mechanism which ultimately functional correlation between employee motivation and organizational productivity. behave differently at workplace and how to manipulate their behavior so.


Some of the most important theories of motivation are as follows: 1. From the very beginning, when the human organisations were established, various thinkers have tried to find out the answer to what motivates people to work. Different approaches applied by them have resulted in a number of theories concerning motivation. Drawing chiefly on his clinical experience, he classified all human needs into a hierarchical manner from the lower to the higher order. In essence, he believed that once a given level of need is satisfied, it no longer serves to motivate man.

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