Glossary Of Biochemistry And Molecular Biology Pdf

glossary of biochemistry and molecular biology pdf

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The Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology provides a comprehensive survey of modern biochemistry and molecular biology. Fully revised and updated, this new edition includes definitions of terms from the fields of Bioinformatics, Biophysics, Cell Biology, Chemistry, Genetics, Immunology, Mathematics, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Systems Biology, and Toxicology.

Nucleic acid is an important class of macromolecules found in all cells and viruses. The functions of nucleic acids have to do with the storage and expression of genetic information.

Agricultural Biotechnology : A range of tools, including traditional breeding techniques, that alter living organisms, or parts of organisms, to make or modify products; improve plants or animals; or develop microorganisms for specific agricultural uses. Modern biotechnology today includes the tools of genetic engineering. Allergen : A substance, usually a protein, that can cause an allergy or allergic reaction in the body. Allergy : A reaction by the body's immune system after exposure to a particular substance, often a protein. Bacillus thuringiensis Bt : A soil bacterium that produces toxins that are deadly to some pests.

Outline of biochemistry

The 4-volume Encyclopedia of Biological Chemistry, Second Edition, represents the current state of a dynamic and crucial field of study. The Encyclopedia pulls together over articles that help define and explore contemporary biochemistry, with content experts carefully chosen by the Editorial Board to assure both breadth and depth in its coverage. Editors-In-Chief William J. Lennarz and M. Daniel Lane have crafted a work that proceeds from the acknowledgement that understanding every living process-from physiology, to immunology, and genetics-is impossible without a grasp on the basic chemistry that provides its underpinning.

Biochemistry or biological chemistry , is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms. Over the last decades of the 20th century, biochemistry has become successful at explaining living processes through these three disciplines. Almost all areas of the life sciences are being uncovered and developed through biochemical methodology and research. Much of biochemistry deals with the structures, functions, and interactions of biological macromolecules , such as proteins , nucleic acids , carbohydrates , and lipids. They provide the structure of cells and perform many of the functions associated with life. These can be inorganic for example, water and metal ions or organic for example, the amino acids , which are used to synthesize proteins.

Nomenclature and Terminology (including IUPAC color books)

Alginates have an affinity for water, and so help to slow dessication when the algae are exposed to the air; they are commercially important in the production of paper, toothpaste, beer, and frozen foods. ATP -- "adenosine triphosphate". A relatively stable, high energy molecule used to fuel chemical reactions within cells. The process occurs in many bacteria and protists, as well as certain animals and fungi. Also called calcspar. It is found in the cell walls of plants and green algae , as well as dinoflagellates.

Electrophoresis is a laboratory technique used to separate DNA, RNA, or protein molecules based on their size and electrical charge. An electric current is used to move molecules to be separated through a gel. Pores in the gel work like a sieve, allowing smaller molecules to move faster than larger molecules. The conditions used during electrophoresis can be adjusted to separate molecules in a desired size range. Electrophoresis is a very broadly used technique which, fundamentally, applies electric current to biological molecules, whether--they're usually DNA, they can be protein or RNA, too It's used in a variety of applications Everything from forensics for determining the identity of individuals that may have been involved in a crime, by linking their DNA pattern, their electrophoresis pattern, to one that's in a database.

NCBI Bookshelf. Molecular Cell Biology. New York: W. Freeman; Alternative names for main entries are in italics. Figures and tables that illustrate defined terms are noted in parentheses.

Importance Of Biochemistry Pdf

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to biochemistry:. Biochemistry — study of chemical processes in living organisms , including living matter. Biochemistry governs all living organisms and living processes. Biotechnology , Bioluminescence , Molecular chemistry , Enzymatic chemistry , Genetic engineering , Pharmaceuticals , Endocrinology , Neurochemistry Hematology , Nutrition , Photosynthesis , Environmental , Toxicology.

Download book Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology pdf

Biodiversity terminology

In addition, there are two articles by B. Decades of traditional biochemistry, structural approaches, and, more recently, single-molecule-based in vitro techniques have provided us with an astonishingly detailed understanding of the molecular mechanism of ribosome-catalyzed. It is utilized in clinical analysis, assembling of different organic items, treatment of ailments, in nourishment, farming, and so on. Biochemistry plays an important role in a wide variety of areas. Principles of Biochemistry, Fourth Edition brings clarity and coherence to an often unwieldy discipline, while incorporating the field's most important recent developments and applications.

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