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- In a different voice: psychological theory and women's development
- In a Different Voice
- 1.4 Women of SCOTUS: An Analysis of the Different Voice Debate
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In a different voice: psychological theory and women's development
It poses a challenge to psychology… But it may be just what we need to revitalize our field and bring it into a more meaningful alignment with reality. In her book In a Different Voice , Carol Gilligan, a psychologist at Harvard University, wrote about the powerful messages young girls receive from those around them. Girls are expected to be compliant, quiet and introspective. They soon learn that they should suppress any open expression of aggression or even strong non-compliant feelings. They also learn…to value relationships more than rules. Berry Brazelton, M. It is impossible to consider [her] ideas without having your estimation of women rise.
My Educational Philosophy Quotations by Topic. The human world is far more transparent to us than is commonly assumed. How do we come not to know our experience, our feelings, and the feelings of others? How do we become divided from others and from ourselves? The nakedness of standing without a frame, in a new paradigm, carries the pleasures of freedom but it also can evoke fears of looking foolish and exposed, feelings of shame that can readily erupt into rage and attack.
In a Different Voice
Harvard Educational Review 1 December ; 47 4 : — As theories of developmental psychology continue to define educational goals and practice, it has become imperative for educators and researchers to scrutinize not only the underlying assumptions of such theories but also the model of adulthood toward which they point. Carol Gilligan examines the limitations of several theories,most notably Kohlberg's stage theory of moral development, and concludes that developmental theory has not given adequate expression to the concerns and experience of women. Through a review of psychological and literary sources, she illustrates the feminine construction of reality. From her own research data, interviews with women contemplating abortion, she then derives an alternative sequence for the development of women's moral judgments.
Carol Gilligan has built a career out of challenging the mainstream. After earning a B. There, she was actively involved in the civil rights movement and in protests against the Vietnam war. With other junior professors, she refused to turn in grades that might jeopardize a student's draft exemption. Returning to Harvard in , she began to question the standard theories of women's moral development, noting that they had been derived solely from studies of men. Challenging long-held assumptions and igniting national debate, Gilligan argued that women make moral choices from within a framework of relationships rather than according to a set of abstract rules.
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Request PDF | On Jun 30, , Carol Gilligan published In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development | Find, read.
1.4 Women of SCOTUS: An Analysis of the Different Voice Debate
As more women in the s and s attained judicial positions on federal and state courts, some social scientists and feminist scholars began to question if female judicial officers would adjudicate differently than their male counterparts Kenney This potential difference spurs a series of important research questions whose answers provide valuable insight into judicial decision-making. For example, would gender diversity on the bench lead to differences in case outcomes, legal reasoning, and the judicial decision-making process? Drawing on the work of Carol Gilligan , would women judges rule in a different voice than their male counterparts? Would women judges employ an ethics of care, prioritizing social relationships and context?
I consider in detail Gilligan's criticisms of Sigmund Freud and her own empirical studies of moral development, as they relate to the work of L. After defending Freud to some degree, I propose various less theoretical but intuitively plausible alternative interpretations of her data-interviews with males and females about hypothetical ethical dilemmas and with females about actual abortion decisions. I contend that Gilligan is too willing to concede the adequacy of Kohlberg's categories for fathoming the moral reasoning of males and that she may, in consequence, exaggerate differences between males and females. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Rent this article via DeepDyve.
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Она подумала, что дело, быть может, в неисправном ионизаторе воздуха.
Gender Differences and Judicial Outcomes
Я хочу вернуться домой, - сказала блондинка. - Не поможете. - Опоздала на самолет. Она кивнула. - Потеряла билет. Они не хотят и слышать о том, чтобы посадить меня в самолет. На авиалиниях работают одни бездушные бюрократы.