Vitamins And Minerals Sources Functions And Deficiencies Pdf

vitamins and minerals sources functions and deficiencies pdf

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Jump to content. The body needs many minerals; these are called essential minerals. Essential minerals are sometimes divided up into major minerals macrominerals and trace minerals microminerals. These two groups of minerals are equally important, but trace minerals are needed in smaller amounts than major minerals. The amounts needed in the body are not an indication of their importance.

Vitamins: Their Functions and Sources

A Harvard Health article. Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients because they perform hundreds of roles in the body. There is a fine line between getting enough of these nutrients which is healthy and getting too much which can end up harming you. Eating a healthy diet remains the best way to get sufficient amounts of the vitamins and minerals you need. Every day, your body produces skin, muscle, and bone.

Minerals: Their Functions and Sources

The tables below list the vitamins , what they do in the body their functions , and their sources in food. Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. These vitamins are not as likely as fat-soluble vitamins to reach toxic levels. But niacin, vitamin B6, folate, choline, and vitamin C have upper consumption limits. Vitamin B6 at high levels over a long period of time has been shown to cause irreversible nerve damage. A balanced diet usually provides enough of these vitamins.

Jump to content. The tables below list the vitamins , what they do in the body their functions , and their sources in food. Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. These vitamins are not as likely as fat-soluble vitamins to reach toxic levels. But niacin, vitamin B6, folate, choline, and vitamin C have upper consumption limits. Vitamin B6 at high levels over a long period of time has been shown to cause irreversible nerve damage.

Vitamins help your body grow and work the way it should. There are 13 essential vitamins — vitamins A, C, D, E, K, and the B vitamins thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, B 6 , B 12 , and folate. Vitamins have different jobs to help keep the body working properly. Some vitamins help you resist infections and keep your nerves healthy, while others may help your body get energy from food or help your blood clot properly. By following the Dietary Guidelines , you will get enough of most of these vitamins from food. Like vitamins, minerals also help your body function. Minerals are elements that our bodies need to function that can be found on the earth and in foods.


Different types of vitamins and minerals enable healthy body function, such as cell Vitamin. What it does. Good food sources. Effects of deficiency. Vitamin A.


Listing of vitamins

A vitamin is an organic molecule or a set of molecules closely related chemically, i. Essential nutrients cannot be synthesized in the organism, either at all or not in sufficient quantities, and therefore must be obtained through the diet. Vitamin C can be synthesized by some species but not by others; it is not a vitamin in the first instance but is in the second. The term vitamin does not include the three other groups of essential nutrients : minerals , essential fatty acids , and essential amino acids. For example, there are eight vitamers of vitamin E : four tocopherols and four tocotrienols.

Minerals are specific kinds of nutrients that your body needs in order to function properly. The human body requires different amounts of each mineral to stay healthy. Specific needs are outlined in recommended daily allowances RDA.

Micronutrients are one of the major groups of nutrients your body needs. They include vitamins and minerals. Vitamins are necessary for energy production, immune function, blood clotting and other functions.

Vitamins and Minerals

The tables below list the vitamins , what they do in the body their functions , and their sources in food. Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. These vitamins are not as likely as fat-soluble vitamins to reach toxic levels. But niacin, vitamin B6, folate, choline, and vitamin C have upper consumption limits. Vitamin B6 at high levels over a long period of time has been shown to cause irreversible nerve damage.

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Vitamins: Their Functions and Sources

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Function. Deficiency Symptoms. Toxicity Symptoms. Major Food Sources. Protein supplies essential fatty acids; carries fat-soluble vitamins A.,. D, E, K.

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Vitamins and Minerals Chart 1 us97redmondbend.org Vitamins Vitamin A. • Growth and development. • Immune function. • Red blood cell formation.

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The list of vitamins and minerals below can give you an understanding of how particular different types of vitamins and minerals work in your body, how much of each nutrient you need every day , and what types of food to eat to ensure that you are getting an adequate supply.

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