Difference Between Programme And Project Pdf

difference between programme and project pdf

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Projects continue to generate value—solving user problems, promoting technological advancement, meeting compliance requirements, and gaining a competitive edge. Projects have a specific goal, a one-time undertaking, and are performed and managed for a fixed period with a particular start and end date. A project may be the delivery of a service or product on time and budget with required performance benchmarks.

Major differences between project scope and objectives

Many of those who email us are under the impression that a program is simply a really big project, and that there are many similarities between projects and programs.

Nothing could be further from the truth! But in order to understand the difference we need to begin by understanding the definition of projects and programs. The table below highlights the key differences between projects vs programs:. Another way to understand the difference between projects and programs is to look at how the roles of a Project Manager and Program Manager differ. Again, this is broken down by project vs program:. The diagram below shows a simplified view of how projects and programs fit within the hierarchy of a business.

Think of diagram as showing the people running the business at the top of the triangle — the CEO and board. At the bottom of the triangle we have the individual specialists who are working as part of a project. At the top of the diagram we have the Business Level where the board run the business.

People at this level are concerned with, amongst other things, setting strategic direction to realise the vision, and managing a portfolio of programs to move towards the vision.

The next level in the diagram is the Program Level. Here a program can initiate and control multiple projects to realise benefits. Finally, we reach the Project Level. Here projects are initiated by the Program Level or in smaller organisations without a program level, directly by the business level. Projects have a defined scope set of deliverables and must work efficiently to deliver these to time, budget, and quality constraints.

This diagram also highlights the difference between the project and program and portfolio levels of management. The Business Level is responsible for managing a change portfolio, essentially a number of programs. Within the portfolio each program is responsible for managing a number of projects.

The project will aim to deliver the operating system and applications on time, on budget, and to the required quality level. The program that sits above this project will be much more broad in scope. As such our software projects will be just one of the projects controlled by the program. In fact, some of these projects may be so large and complex that they themselves may be programs.

One of the key jobs of the program is to manage dependencies between projects, for example, the program must coordinate between the Tooling project and the Go To Market project to ensure alignment around the number of devices that the factory must produce to meet market demand.

The major difference between projects and programs is usually that projects are concerned with producing deliverables, whereas programs are concerned with delivering business outcomes. There are of course some similarities between projects and programs, namely that they are both concerned with change, that is the creation of something new, and both require the use of a team to get things done.

But that is really where the similarities between projects and programs end. This article provides several ways to think about the difference between projects and programs, but in very simple terms you can think of the major difference between projects and programs as being that programs are concerned with doing the right things, and projects are concerned with doing things right.

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The table of differences is succinct and very useful. For example, programme managers are typically planning for several years hence, whereas a project manager is typically planning for the next few months maybe at most up to a year or two.

Very nice article. During program execution multiple projects are planned and executed , some of them terminated before time. Thanks for the comment. Hi Denis, I was looking for info on program management on web and found very few and shallow pieces. Your articles are indeed in-depth and interesting ones. Appreciate all your help in advance. Share Tweet Share Share Pin. The Difference Between a Project and a Program. Related Posts. Dave W Farthing says The table of differences is succinct and very useful.

Rajashree says Hi Very nice article. Denis says Hi Raj, Thanks for the comment. Abhishek says Hi Denis, I was looking for info on program management on web and found very few and shallow pieces.

Program success is measured in terms of business benefit, ROI, or new capabilities. Benefits outcomes are managed using a benefits realisation plan. Project success is measured in terms of producing specific deliverables in terms of time, quality, and cost. Programs have a wide scope, focussing on benefits, and may have to change scope dramatically during their execution to meet the changing needs of the organisation.

Projects are typically confined to a single functional unit vertical unit within an organisation. Programs are typically executed over a much longer timescale than projects, often several years.

Projects are typically of a shorter duration than programs, often just a few weeks, and by definition have a finite duration.

Program Managers create high-level plans used to provide guidance to projects. Detailed plans are created from this guidance by the Project Managers. Focus is on leadership, as Program Managers manage managers. Program Managers need to facilitate and manage political aspects, relationships, and conflict resolution.

Focus is on management of the people specialists and technicians involved to deliver the product. Project concerned with marketing creation, working with marketing partners, and selling the devices into the countries with the biggest return on investment.

Responsible for all 3rd party deals needed for a successful launch, for example, commercial deals with network operators. Responsible for ensuring the device contains the right support materials, and that the organisation is geared up to handle any new support phone calls caused when the device is launched.

The relationship between Programmes and Projects

Project vs Program, plus the difference between Project and Program Managers. A project manager is therefore responsible for ensuring a project delivers on its intended output in line with a defined time frame and budget. A program manager is therefore tasked with overseeing all the projects comprising the program — to ensure it achieves its outcomes. The best thing for the organisation running program and projects is that everyone understands the different pressures faced by their colleagues. The Praxis Framework Certification is an effective, respected way to verify both your project and program management knowledge in one fell swoop.

A programme is a unique and transient strategic endeavour undertaken to achieve a beneficial change and incorporating a group of related projects and business-as-usual activities. Programmes are often defined as delivering change and would typically incorporate the full utilisation of benefits to satisfy the business case. They utilise capital expenditure to acquire assets, services, products and capability, alongside operating expense incurred as a result of performing normal business operations. Shaping programmes requires the selection and framing of projects and other work in business-as-usual into a structure where benefits can be delivered incrementally over time. To shape a programme, the sponsor works with stakeholders as early as possible to establish:. Shaping the programme to accomplish the vision requires the sponsor and programme manager to select and organise projects and other business-as-usual activities.

A program is a collection of projects that are managed as a group in order to achieve efficiencies of scale. Just as project management involves the coordination of individual tasks, program management is the coordination of related projects that are grouped together. Projects are bundled together into a program when the benefits of managing the collection outweigh the pros of managing the projects as individual units. A related concept here is project portfolio management , a method for organizations to manage and evaluate a large number of projects by grouping them into strategic portfolios. Portfolios are then analyzed for overall effectiveness, how their estimates compare with actual costs, and whether they align with the larger, strategic objectives of the organization. So what is a program in project management? Simply put, it is a group of related projects managed as a whole unit.

What’s the Difference Between Project, Portfolio, and Program Management?

Many believe a programme is simply a larger, longer version of a project. Despite the similarities, they are actually quite different. Briefly, a project is a specific, single task that delivers a tangible output, while a programme is a collection of related projects.

Many of those who email us are under the impression that a program is simply a really big project, and that there are many similarities between projects and programs. Nothing could be further from the truth! But in order to understand the difference we need to begin by understanding the definition of projects and programs. The table below highlights the key differences between projects vs programs:.

The difference between a project and a programme

Know the Difference Between Projects and Programs

In the Programme Management overview , we defined a programme as follows:. It can be hard and often pointless to identify whether a given undertaking is a large project or a small programme. Perhaps the most useful test is to look for the two levels of management - a strategic management team guiding the overall change programme overseeing project management teams charged with delivering the specific changes. The lifecyle of a programme is not as distinct as that of a project. The key ingredients often happen before any identifiable programme has commenced. Much of the early thinking will be more in the nature of senior management discussions about business strategy.

I often see that aspirants do not understand the difference between a project and an operation. I regularly receive emails from those who are interested in applying for the PMP exam but are working with operations. Some aspirants applied for the PMP exam, were selected for audit , and failed it. Afterward they contacted me and I reviewed their application.

Faculty Insights Industry Advice Management. The relationship between project, program, and portfolio management can best be described like this:. Put another way, projects fit within larger programs , which themselves fit within portfolios. Though related, tasks associated with project, program, and portfolio management are by nature very different. Generally, a project is a temporary endeavor, with a finite start and end, that is focused on creating a unique product, service, or result. Nothing in this definition describes the size or the precise content of a project—there are projects of every size imaginable in virtually every industry, and project managers supervise them regardless of these specifics. They must do this all while working to ensure the project meets the quality guidelines required by its customers, which is not an easy task.


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Difference Between Project and Program

Definition of a project

A single use plan is one that is used only once and then it is cancelled. It is framed as per the requirements of a particular situation or goal and is discarded, on reaching the goal. Budgets, schedules, projects and programs are some of the examples of single-use plans. A project can be described as one-off operation, that has certain objectives and required to be met within stipulated time. A project differs from a program in the sense that the latter is a bundle of related projects, managed in a coordinated manner, to attain the benefits, which is available only when the projects are managed in groups. There are many students who misconstrue project for the program, so here, in this article, we will explain the difference between project and program.

What is a Program in Project Management?

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The Difference Between Projects and Programmes

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