File Name: female entertainers used as spies during world war 1 and .zip
Generally created in the previous few decades, intelligence and security services saw strong development during the war: the warring sides were committed to espionage behind enemy lines and in the neutral countries, but also performed other tasks such as tapping radio communication; sabotage; counterintelligence; and propaganda.
- List of spies in World War II
- Language of Espionage
- Inside the Stories of the Most Daring Women Spies of World War II
List of spies in World War II
With the 20th century's movie industry making many women and men into well-known celebrities, and the "star system" extended into other fields such as sports as well, it was only natural that some stars would find ways to use their celebrity to support the war effort.
In Germany, Hitler used propaganda to support his war effort. Actress, dancer, and photographer Leni Riefenstahl made documentary films for the Nazi Party during the s and Hitler's consolidation of power.
She escaped punishment after the war after a court found that she was not herself a Nazi party member. In America, films and plays promoting participation in the war and anti-Nazi films and plays were also part of the overall war effort. Women actresses played in many of these. Women also wrote some of them: Lillian Hellman's play, The Rhine, warned of the rise of the Nazis. Alice Marble, a tennis star, secretly married an intelligence operative and when he died, was convinced to spy on a former lover, a Swiss banker, suspected of having records of Nazi finances.
She found such information and was shot in the back, but escaped and recovered. Her story was told only after her death in Carole Lombard made her final film as a satire about the Nazis and died in a plane crash after attending a war bond rally.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared her the first woman to die in the line of duty in the war. Her new husband, Clark Gable, enlisted in the Air Force after her death. A ship was named in Lombard's honor. Perhaps the most famous pin-up poster in World War II showed Betty Grable in a swimsuit from the back, looking over her shoulder. Several "all-girl" bands and orchestras toured, including the International Sweethearts of Rhythm, one of the rare racially-mixed groups.
Language of Espionage
A government employee who is influenced to cooperate with a foreign government instead of defecting; now working for two employers instead of one. A person who works within the government or media of a target country to influence national policy. A deception planted abroad by an intelligence agency to mislead another country that returns to the originating nation with bad consequences. Polish electro-magnetic device created to help decipher Enigma cipher machine settings; early precursor to the modern computer. Computer program designed by the FBI to allow the FBI in compliance with court orders to collect electronic communications from a specific user targeted in an investigation at the exclusion of all other users' transmissions. Russian secret police founded in to serve the Bolshevik party; one of the many forerunners of the KGB.
The s were a decade of tension and transition. Murrow, made famous by World War II, began a transition from radio to television. It was the golden age of comic books. While print media were enjoying success, the war thwarted expansion of broadcast media, especially the new technology of television. The Federal Communication Commission forbade the creation of new radio and television stations during the war years.
Katie Beisel Hollenbach holds a Ph. Her research focuses on popular music and fandom during World War II, technological mediation, and audience reception. Katie has presented her research at the annual conferences of the Society for American Music and the Society for Cinema and Media Studies. She is currently the assistant director for admissions and community outreach at the University of Washington School of Music. Journal of Popular Music Studies 1 December ; 31 4 : —
Inside the Stories of the Most Daring Women Spies of World War II
Survivors and researchers usually present the concentration camp as the ultimate example of a total institution. The terror so zealously applied by the employees of the Schutzstaffel SS, protection squadron in the camps was indeed meticulously planned by the leaders of the SS — first and foremost Heinrich Himmler Sofsky, ; Armanski, ; Herbert, Orth and Dieckmann, ; Benz and Distel, Nonetheless, the idea that all terror was systematically organised is somewhat misleading.
With the 20th century's movie industry making many women and men into well-known celebrities, and the "star system" extended into other fields such as sports as well, it was only natural that some stars would find ways to use their celebrity to support the war effort. In Germany, Hitler used propaganda to support his war effort. Actress, dancer, and photographer Leni Riefenstahl made documentary films for the Nazi Party during the s and Hitler's consolidation of power.
The following is an incomplete list of notable spies during World War II. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. Herald Scotland. Retrieved 16 April
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